The Federal Government has embarked on measures to ensure smooth enforcement of the new anti-piracy law to stem criminality on the waters.
This was made known in Lagos at the Strategic Admiralty Law Seminar for Judges organised by the Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (NIALS) and the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA).
The theme of the conference was: “Suppression of Piracy and Other Maritime Offences (SPOMO) Act, 2019: Key to accelerating and achieving safe and secure shipping in Nigeria.” It was meant to sensitise judicial sector actors on the import of the anti-piracy law.
Speaking at the opening ceremony, the Directors-General of NIMASA and NIALS, Dr. Dakuku Peterside and Prof. Mohammed Tawfiq Ladan, emphasised the need for the implementation of the law. They called for cooperation among the enforcement agencies, stressing that stringent penalties await maritime criminals.
Peterside noted that there was a robust framework for the criminalisation and punishment of piracy and other maritime crimes in Nigeria and the Gulf of Guinea.
He said the seminar afforded the Judiciary and the agency an opportunity to dialogue on issues of mutual importance, particularly, the sensitisation of judges on contemporary maritime law within and outside the Nigeria.
The seminar was previously meant for Judges of the Federal High Court, Court of Appeal, and High Courts of the littoral states. But this year, the scope of participation to include law enforcement agencies.
“With the world’s waters accounting for over 80 per cent of transportation requirements in the global trading supply chain network across established international routes and trade lanes, the threats of piracy, armed robbery at sea and other maritime crimes have been an issue of global concern.
“The Gulf of Guinea, sadly, had been at the epicentre of maritime security discussions globally, given the incidents recorded in the region. The challenge of maritime insecurity in the region had been further compounded by a deficit of legislation to address the challenge.”
He said the Act had addressed that challenge.
The DG said the theme of the seminar was aimed at understanding the Act and the collaborative mechanisms between the Judiciary and enforcement agencies in the implementation of the Act.
“At the end, it is expected that there would be enhanced knowledge of participants in areas of the core mandate of NIMASA, heightened awareness on the provisions of the Suppression of Piracy and Other Maritime Offences Act and its enforceability, assessment of the standard operating procedures in tackling maritime crimes and the gaps and options for improvement and reform,” he stated.
Ladan said with the economy generating more than 70 per cent of sea-borne trade in West Africa, the country and region will prosper if the seas were safe for investment and commerce.
According to Ladan, “Through this strategic maritime law seminar, we wish to enhance the capacity of, and remind our, Justice sector actors that we will all prosper when the seas around us are safe, secure and free for all to use and exploit natural resources, promote trade and investment, tourism, marine science and technology, maritime transport, infrastructure development, and fisheries.”
He said: “Through this seminar, we hope to build greater understanding of the common challenges of maritime safety and security and how the SPOMO Act 2019 seeks to promote synergy among justice sector actors (judges, prosecutors, anti-corruption agencies, security and law enforcement agencies) to effectively respond to the multiple challenges earlier highlighted.”
President Muhammadu Buhari signed the SPOMO Act into law on June 24, last year. The law aims to tackle the menace of piracy and armed robbery on the country’s waters and exclusive economic zone with a strong and specific legal instrument that prescribes punishment for offenders and deters criminal elements. It is the first standalone antipiracy law in the Gulf of Guinea region.
The Act prescribes jail terms of between 15 years and life, and fines ranging from N50 million to N500 million for convicted individuals and corporate organisations.
Practical Considerations to Negotiate an Enforceable Joint Operating Agreement in Civil Law Jurisdictions (Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 2020) By Professor Damilola S. Olawuyi, LL. B (1st Class), BL (1st Class), LL.M (Calgary), LL.M (Harvard), DPhil (Oxford), Professor of Law and Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria, www.damilolaolawuyi.com. & Professor Eduardo G. Pereira, LL. B (Brazil), LL.M (Aberdeen), PhD (Aberdeen),www.eduardogpereira.com
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