The International Criminal Court (ICC) on Friday overturned the war crimes conviction and 18-year prison sentence of former Vice-president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Jean-Pierre Bemba, a huge blow to prosecutors that could also impact politics in DRC.
Judge Christine Van-den-Wijngaert said Bemba, once the leader of Congo’s main opposition party, could not be held responsible for crimes carried out by troops under his control in neighbouring Central African Republic in 2002-2003.
In addition, she said trial judges had failed to consider his efforts to stop crimes committed by his Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) once he became aware of them, and how difficult it would have been for him to control the troops’ actions from a distance.
“Mr Bemba cannot be held criminally responsible for the crimes committed by MLC troops during the Central African Republic operation,” she said, reading the ruling of a 5-judge appeal panel.
Van-den-Wijngaert said Bemba’s efforts to stop the crimes “extinguished his responsibility in full”.
Bemba’s acquittal is a huge blow for prosecutors, as his conviction was one of the few they had won since the court’s establishment in 2002.
Bemba was the highest ranking politician convicted by the permanent war crimes court, and his case had been seen as establishing a precedent that political and military officials may be held liable for the actions of troops under their command.
Bemba had been convicted of murder, rape and pillage for actions of MLC troops he sent to Central African Republic to support that country’s then-president Ange-Felix Patasse.
Bemba was not released immediately on Friday in spite his acquittal because he has also been convicted of witness tampering, and an appeals judgment in that case is still pending.
Bemba, the son of a businessman, became rich during years of close association with former Congolese leader Mobutu Sese-Seko.
He entered government under current President Joseph Kabila in 2003 as part of a power-sharing deal that ended years of civil war.
Bemba remains a popular figure in western Congo, where his MLC party is one of the largest opposition movements to Kabila, who is due to step down after an election scheduled for December.
According to a nationwide public opinion by New York University’s Congo Research Group in March, Bemba would finish third in a hypothetical presidential race behind two other opposition leaders with 10 per cent of the vote.